Causes and Consequences of Violence Against Women Causes A vital part of understanding a social problem, and a precursor to preventing it, is an understanding of what causes it. Research on the causes of violence against women has consisted of two lines of inquiry: Research has sought causal factors at various levels of analysis, including individual, dyadic, institutional, and social. Studies of offending and victimization remain conceptually distinct except in sociocultural analysis in which joint consideration is often given to two complementary processes:
Rochester Institute of Technology This review discusses how two theories--evolutionary psychology and social structural theory--apply to mate preferences, jealousy, and aggression.
It compares explanations from both theories for each sex difference. Evolutionary psychology maintains that sex differences develop biologically as people adapt to changes in the environment.
The main focus in evolutionary psychology is reproduction of future generations. Social structural theory maintains that sex differences result from changes in society and social roles occupied by men and women.
Social structural theory also draws upon cultural explanations. This paper compares the perspectives of evolutionary psychology and social structural theory on sex differences in jealousy, mate preferences, and aggression.
These two theories shed somewhat different lights on the origins of sex differences between men and women. Both theories discuss sex differences in mate preferences, jealousy, and aggression.
Explanations from the two theories are compared and contrasted. Explanations for Sex Differences Evolutionary psychologists have developed a theory to explain the origins of differences between men and women.
From the evolutionary perspective, human sex differences reflect the pressure of differing physical and social environments between females and males in primeval times.
It is believed that each sex faced different pressures and that the differing reproductive status was the key feature in life at that time. This resulted in sex-specific evolved mechanisms that humans carry with them--these are the causes of sex-differentiated behavior.
The two sexes developed different strategies to ensure their survival and reproductive success. This explains why men and women differ psychologically: Evolutionary psychologists explain sex differences as based on differing parental investment.
Because women invest greatly in reproduction of offspring, they have developed traits that help improve the chances that each offspring will survive.
Evolutionary psychologists view sex-evolved dispositions as psychological tendencies that have been built in genetically. This explains the difference in each sex's perspective on reproduction.
The social structural theory states that the critical cause of sex differences is social structure. The differences between genders are not based psychologically but are influenced socially.
It is believed that situations faced by each sex are variable in societies and cultures and historical periods and that there are changes are in responses to technology, ecology, and social organization.
Because men are bigger and stronger, they are given more attention and respect in our society. Physical sex differences influence the roles held by men and women, because one sex will accomplish certain activities better than the other sex.
Each performance by one sex determines its placement in the social structure. With physical differences, each sex is believed to develop traits according to placement in the social structure.
Men who have roles of great power and good standing in society show more dominant behavior, whereas women's roles are normally classified with lesser power and status and will produce more subordinate behavior.
This theory emphasizes that mate selection by women is not only focused on reproduction of childen but also on power and social status. Mate selection is women's way to move up the social ladder. Mate Preferences Several considerations influences a person's selection of a suitable mate.
Evolutionary psychology indicates that characteristics that people seek in mates depend on their sex and whether it is a short-term or a long-term mating. Women are limited in the number of children they can have during their lifetime. Men have no restriction when it comes to reproduction.
Both men and women compete for their choice of mate. Women will seek a mate who has resources to support their parental efforts, whereas men will seek a mate for reasons different from wanting to be a parent. A man has two possibilities for multiplying copies of his genes: He can either aim for quantity or quality of offsprings.
With quantity, a man can impregnate as many women as possible without staying around to help raise any of the children. With quality, a man can stay with one female partner and have fewer children, but he will be present during their upbringing VanLeuwen, Women have a limit on how many children they can have and a time limit on when they can bear children.Denisiuk's paper also discussed gender differences in jealousy, with the evolutionary viewpoint being that men are more concerned with sexual infidelity and woman with emotional infidelity, whereas social structural theory relates jealousy more to .
Causes and Theories of Domestic Violence Running Time: 2 hours Materials: that participants will have a general understanding of gender-based violence.
This session could be men’s violence as a result of an inability to control their anger and frustration. Attention to the social aspects of violence can seem to excuse individual actions and, as a result, to encourage more violence.
Rather, this review is intended to help prevent violence by contributing to the understandings of the social influences contributing to . The U.S. was founded on violent overthrow of a civil authority, and its children have been brought up to emulate a series of violent role models: Hopalong Cassidy, the U.S.
Cavalry, G.I. Joe, the Six-Million-Dollar Man, and—more recently—the X-men, Ninja Turtles, and Power Rangers. Introduction to Sociology/Deviance.
From Wikibooks, open books for an open world there are five types of deviance based upon these criteria: conformity involves the acceptance of the cultural goals and means of attaining those goals (e.g., a banker) men are more likely to commit violent .
In women spent an average 50 hours a week looking after children compared to hours a week for men, hours a week doing household work compared to hours for men, and 49 percent of women spent more than 10 hours a week caring for a senior compared to 25 percent for men .