Introduction[ edit ] Icon of the enthroned Virgin and Child with saints and angels, 6th century, Saint Catherine's MonasterySinai Byzantine art originated and evolved from the Christianized Greek culture of the Eastern Roman Empire; content from both Christianity and classical Greek mythology were artistically expressed through Hellenistic modes of style and iconography. The basis of Byzantine art is a fundamental artistic attitude held by the Byzantine Greeks who, like their ancient Greek predecessors, "were never satisfied with a play of forms alone, but stimulated by an innate rationalism, endowed forms with life by associating them with a meaningful content. If classical art was marked by the attempt to create representations that mimicked reality as closely as possible, Byzantine art seems to have abandoned this attempt in favor of a more symbolic approach.
We were particularly focused on the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, its historic church buildings and icons, and its great two-day Epiphany festival of Timkat, which celebrates the baptism of Christ.
Ethiopia is a developing nation where 90 percent of the population live in villages and survive by subsistence farming.
The original Ark of the Covenant, a gilded wooden box containing the stone tablets of the law Ten Commandments received by Moses from God on Mount Sinai, is thought to reside in a church in Axum Aksumtheir ancient former capital city.
A replica of these tablets, known as a Tabot, is placed in the Holy of Holies at the heart of each Ethiopian Orthodox church building. Daniel Simons, organizer of this pilgrimage, with a further link to his photos Article "Timkat and the Ark of the Covenant" at www.
Beautiful and intriguing handmade objects, including icons, abound in tiny shops and are even sold on the street, typically at modest prices. There is no strong distinction between art and craft, or between icons and religious art. The interiors of many surviving historic churches are completely covered with large mural icons.
In other churches, icons on canvas or framed reproductions of Western religious art hang from the walls. Some church treasuries hold historic illuminated manuscripts. Carved wooden crosses, cylindrical mini-towers, book-like pendants, and complex fold-out pieces open out with little doors on string hinges, revealing miniature icons inside.
Painted icons adorn metal crosses as well as wooden diptychs and triptychs. Other icons are painted on goat skin, sometimes with strips of fur still on the back. The traditional and very challenging medium is distemper, a form of tempera paint based on animal-skin glue rather than egg yolk.
This paint can be used on un-gessoed wood, and it adheres well even to metal.
I have not tried it; reportedly it has to be warmed and held at just the right temperature. Contemporary Ethiopian artists and iconographers often prefer oil or acrylic paint. Some of these murals have been restored in acrylic.
Left; large icons on canvas, installed in a church, depicting the Visitation and the Last Supper. Center, icon of Mary with angels; and right, Jesus washes Peter's feet; both painted on goat skin.
Favorite subjects include a wide variety of incidents from the lives of Mary and Jesus. Mary and the Christ Child are typically shown flanked by angels. The Flight into Egypt is an especially beloved subject, as a reminder that Africa sheltered the Holy Family from the threat of persecution in Israel.
Saint George, the national patron saint, is extremely popular and frequently depicted, rescuing a princess from the dragon who represents evil.
George is considered the special friend and messenger of Mary, so their icons are frequently positioned to face one another. Archangel Michael, the cosmic defender against evil, is depicted as a warrior with his mighty sword raised.Earlier, I came across this discussion, in which an iconoclast Protestant accuses the Catholic Church of eliminating the Second Commandment because we have statues and then asks how to add an image to his post.
Bravo, irony! But this is a real stumbling block for a lot of Protestant Christians. An icon (from Greek εἰκών eikōn "image") is a religious work of art, most commonly a painting, in the cultures of the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, the Roman Catholic, and certain Eastern Catholic churches.
The most common subjects include Christ, Mary, saints and lausannecongress2018.com especially associated with "portrait" style images concentrating on one or two main figures.
Archives and past articles from the Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia Daily News, and lausannecongress2018.com Sep 21, · It was filed under ART, Boyer Writes, Christian Rituals, Encouragement, For the Soul, History, Ideologies and Beliefs, Inspirational, Master Artists, Religious Faith and was tagged with Christian icon painters, icons, martyrs, Orthodox church, Russian icons, St Catherine's Monastery, St.
Sep 21, · It was filed under ART, Boyer Writes, Christian Rituals, Encouragement, For the Soul, History, Ideologies and Beliefs, Inspirational, Master Artists, Religious Faith and was tagged with Christian icon painters, icons, martyrs, Orthodox church, Russian icons, St Catherine's Monastery, St. James Episcopal. The Death of Marat. By Jacques-Louis David. Considered to be one of the Greatest Paintings Ever.. Death of Marat () Contents • Description • Analysis and Interpretation • Interpretation of Other 18th-Century Paintings. The subject matter of monumental Byzantine art was primarily religious and imperial: the two themes are often combined, as in the portraits of later Byzantine emperors that decorated the interior of the sixth-century church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. These preoccupations are partly a result of the pious and autocratic nature of Byzantine society, and partly a result of its economic.
James Episcopal. The subject matter of monumental Byzantine art was primarily religious and imperial: the two themes are often combined, as in the portraits of later Byzantine emperors that decorated the interior of the sixth-century church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. These preoccupations are partly a result of the pious and autocratic nature of Byzantine society, and partly a result of its economic.
The Prosopon School of Iconology introduces students to the practice and theory of the ancient Christian art of Byzantine icon writing.
Apprenticeship in this discipline of the hand, mind, and heart can lead beyond technical competence; the method of study promotes the incarnation of the principles of the painting experience into the other spheres of one's life.